Articles / Hurricane Andrew (1992)
Page updated: May 19, 2015
Andrew was (at the time) only the third category 5 hurricane to impact the United States.
The other two being the Labor Day Hurricane in 1935 and Camille in 1969.
To date, it is the 4th most intense hurricane to make landfall in the Atlantic.
The storm formed on August 16, 1992 from a tropical wave off the coast of Africa.
It became a tropical storm the next day.
During the next few days, the storm intensified, then weakened, as it encountered wind shear from an upper-level low.
The wind sheer eventually decreased, allowing Andrew to re-intensify.
Tropical Storm Andrew became Hurricane Andrew on the 22nd.
At this point, it had passed through the Lesser Antilles and was near the Bahamas.
Favorable conditions caused the storm to rapidly intensify, as it quickly moved westward.
The pressure dropped 47 millibars in 24 hours, obtaining category 5 status the following day.
Upon crossing the Bahamas, the storm once again weakened, then re-intensified.
With winds around 165mph, it struck Homestead, Florida on the 24th.
After crossing southern Florida, it weakened slightly and headed northwest.
Andrew made its final landfall on the 26th near Morgan City, Louisiana.
Winds were around 115mph.
As it moved north and northeast it weakened rapidly, becoming a tropical depression the following day.
Loosing its tropical status, it merged with a front near the Appalachian Mountains.
Unlike most hurricanes, the bulk of Andrew's damage came from its winds.
In Dade County, Florida, 90% of homes had major roof damage.
Most homes in Country Walk (a suburb of Miami, Florida) were completely leveled.
The total cost of Andrew is estimated at $26.5 billion, making it the costliest hurricane to hit the U.S. after Katrina (2005).
The Weather Channel covering the storm: